Peri-operative Pain and Root Canal Therapy

Practitioner completed a data form before beginning the root canal, and a different one after obturation.

Each practitioner also kept track of how many eligible patients presented for treatment during the data collection period, along with how many of these agreed to participate in the study.

Patients who were receiving root canal treatment completed a questionnaire immediately before treatment , another one immediately after treatment, and another form one week after treatment.

Patients also completed a form with contact information. When the root canal treatment required more than one visit, comparable forms were again completed by the dentist practitioner and the patient.

An additional form was completed by the dentist regarding pain and anxiety management for the treated tooth.

Detailed report, overall and by region.

Graphical presentation of study findings, also overall and by region.